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Thread: Guidelines to developing your application on the Warp Appliance

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    agauthier Guest

    Default Guidelines to developing your application on the Warp Appliance

    Guidelines to developing your application on the Warp Appliance
    Background Information
    From Wikipedia:
    An embedded system is a special-purpose computer system designed to perform one or a few dedicated functions,[1] often with real-time computing constraints. It is usually embedded as part of a complete device including hardware and mechanical parts. In contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as a personal computer, can do many different tasks depending on programming. Embedded systems control many of the common devices in use today.
    With this in mind we could say that the Warp Appliance shares some elements with embedded systems.
    The Warp Appliance’s main purpose is to perform Telecom-like tasks.
    The following table outlines the differences between Warp Appliance and Personal Computer.

    Code:
                    Warp Appliance                      Personal Computer
    CPU platform     PowerPC –single processor       X86 - multi-processor    
    Motherboard      Medium                          High
       complexity
    MIPS             1000 MIPS                       >20,000   MIPS
                      (533 MHz x 2MIPS/MHz)           (at 2.93 GHz 9.242MIPS/MHz)
    Operating System  Linux                         Linux, MS Windows, MAC OS-X
    User interface    Text-based                      Graphical user interface
    User Output       LED and LCD display          Graphics card
          interface
    Input interface    One Button                  Keyboard
    RAM                  256 MB                        Usually >1 GB
    Persistent          128 MB on-board flash         Usually SATA/IDE hard 
    storage              with optional SD and            drives (>100 GB)
                            USB flash storage
    Start-up time       < 1 minute                   < 3 minutes
    Warp Performance
    Based on the above table, one must be conscious of the performance limitation of the Appliance. The appliance has been designed to perform well with the available hardware peripheral at its disposal. The software application developer must be aware that the resources are limited. It would be unwise to treat the Warp Appliance the same as a Personal Computer!
    Warp Reliability
    In most cases the Warp Appliance will be more reliable than a PC for the following reasons:
    ·It is less complex
    ·Has no mechanical hard drive
    ·Dissipates less heat
    An important note that the application developer must be aware is the limitation in the write-cycle of the flash persistent storage. Although the Flash file system spreads the wear and tear between sectors, there is a finite number of writes on the Flash part (100,000 program/erase cycles for each sector). So if you think your application will be writing to persistent storage often, it might be a good idea to write the external SD or USB flash. So if the external flash device does reach its life cycle, it should only be a matter or replacing the external part.

    Software Application Guidelines
    Here are some guidelines which can be used to develop an application running on the PIKA Warp Appliance:
    ·Store your application executable files on the onboard flash (/persistent, /persistent1/ or /persistent2/ partitions). If you try to store the application execution files on an external flash device, your system may be less reliable if the USB stick or SD device gets unplugged or ceases to function.
    ·Store your temporary non-persistent files on the /root directory of the uRamdisk partition
    ·Persistent files that are written often should probably be located on a USB or SD flash to reduce the wear and tear of the on-board flash.
    ·Monitor how much RAM is being allocated per process. Use ‘top’ to find the %MEM being used.
    ·Monitor how much CPU is being allocated per process. Use ‘top’ to find out the % CPU being used.
    Last edited by agauthier; 09-11-08 at 12:06 PM. Reason: nice table

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